Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country with mountainous terrain. It borders with Kazakhstan in the north, Uzbekistan in the west and southwest, Tajikistan in the southwest and China in the east. The capital and largest city is Bishkek.

Kyrgyzstan is primarily a mountainous country. At its eastern tip, near the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (China), Peak Victory rises at an altitude of 7,439 meters, is the highest point in Kyrgyzstan. The second highest mountain, Khan-Tengri (6995 meters) is located on the border with Kazakhstan.

In the southwest there are two large depressions, the Fergana Valley and another valley near the Khan Tengri Mountain. The last valley is bounded by the westward-extending branches of the Kungey-Alatau and Terskey-Alatau ranges and contains one of the deepest lakes in the world  is Issyk-Kul Lake, whose clean deep waters feed on snowy peaks.


The climate is continental in the city, which means hot summers and cold winters. The atmosphere is generally dry with rainfall occurring mostly in spring. There is an average of 322 days of sunshine per year. There are two rivers flowing through the city – Alamedin and Ala-Archa both being tributaries of the River of Chui. Also, the Grand Chui Canal flows through the city. The city is said to be the greenest in Central Asia.

Public holidays

Whenever an official holiday is celebrated in Kyrgyzstan, most shops, public buildings and banks are closed, or have special operating hours.

  • 1 January – New Year`s Day
  • 7 January – Orthodox Christmas
  • 23 February – Motherland Defender`s day
  • 8 March – International Women`s Day
  • 21 March – “Nooruz” (Kyrgyz traditional New Year`s holiday)
  • 7 April- Day of the People’s April Revolution
  • 1 May – International Labour`s Day
  • 5 May – Constitution Day
  • 9 May – The Day of Victory  in the Second World War
  • 31 August – Independence Day
  • ** – Orozo Ait (Eid-al-Fitr, Muslim holiday)
  • ** – Kurman Ait (Eid-al-Adha, Muslim holiday)

** – dates are corrected in accordance with the Lunar calendar (the dates are not  fixed)